When we come to chapter 4 we see a man who is struggling to make sense out of the world. He is very concerned about the oppressed and what they suffer. In his estimation , it might have been better to have never been born than to suffer as many oppressed people do. He seems to take comfort in a simple life. He wonders why man labors and toils to have things when there is no one to leave it to.
He values companionship and explains how we are to care for and help each other. In his estimation, man does better when he has someone else to depend on rather than just himself. There is no mention of God in this chapter and it describes how vane it is to try to make it in life without God. We should have pity on and prayers for those who do not have a relationship with God, for in the day of judgment it would be better if they had never been born.